Social and Emotional Development
Searching for reasons why development may not follow the expected pattern, I can highlight the emotional influence first. It might affect expected pattern of development significantly. Unsettled child would not built relationship with the adults, and they are more likely to have low self-esteem and less likely to try new activities that will benefit the developmental progress.
Children’s disabilities and conditions is other reason. Disabilities and conditions will impact to varying extents on children’s learning and development, but they effect development in a different way. For example, some children may have communication and interaction as an area of need, because they are not fully hearing. Hearing loss can affect a child’s enjoyment of activity and ability to play with other children. If a child has delays or difficulties with their growth, their physical development can be affected too.
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External influence can effect on the way how a child develops. For example, single parents may not have time and energy to engage and challenge their children to try new things. Or, because of poverty, parents cannot provide opportunities for children to go on music or ballet.
Different cultural beliefs are important as well. For instance, some children in many cultures are treated differently because of their gender. Girls are not given opportunities to attend schools or they are taken from school at certain age helping with housework or looking after small siblings.
Family lifestyle and structure influence children’s development as well. Home schooling children don’t have many opportunities for social interaction with children their own age, which could result in social delay.
Every child, attending early years setting, will be assigned with a key worker who is observing child’s development, recognize child’s progress, understand their needs and interests, plan activities and support. This observation and assessment can highlights where there may be difficulties or delays with particular areas of development. When delay in child’s development is suspected, it is essential to identify appropriate support needs early to reduce the impact that the delay may have on the child. High quality early intervention can change a child’s development trajectory and improve outcomes for children. Early intervention support and resources maximize the child’s abilities.