Gender Diffrences on the Road- Road Rage
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Gender Differences On the Road Abstract Road rage is a form of aggressive behavior that effects everyone on the road ways. Reports on road rage and aggressive driving show that nearly everyone who drives may display or be affected by such behavior. Males however, the staple of territorial and aggressive behavior, do appear to be larger perpetrators of road rage than females. Studies comparing male and female levels of aggression and territorial behavior find that males are substantially more likely than females to be perpetrators of aggression and/or territorial behavior, which are both defining characteristics of road rage.
Offenders of road rage, according to Canary and associates (Canary, Michelson & Switzer, 2009), largely rely on Vehicular Communication (e. g. , tailgating, honking the horn), Aggressive Communication (e. g. , obscene gestures, threats), and Avoidance (e. g. , ignore the other person) to manage road rage episodes. Future research is suggested in the use of a larger sample within the United States and perhaps according to region in regards to gender. Gender Differences On the Road Road rage is a common offense committed or experienced by most drivers and is also well covered and portrayed by the media.
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Road rage is seen as an act of aggression and can also be stemmed from natural territorial tendencies. Given the fact that road rage is a hostile act of aggression it is easy to hypothesize that males are more often the perpetrators of road rage than females. The Iowa Department of Transportation (IDT) characterizes road rage as a societal condition when the reaction to what is perceived as hostile traffic situations is loss of temper. Road rage is often expressed in one of two ways: Vehicular Communication (e. g. , honking, tail-gating, etc. ) and/or Aggressive Communication (e. . , vulgar language, hand gestures, etc. ). Male and female motorist both demonstrate acts of road rage, however, it is widely accepted that males are more actively aggressive than females in all spectrums of life. This aggression is often times associated to biological factors and explained by the different chemical and hormonal compositions for each sex. Consistent with these beliefs, Asbridge and his colleagues (Asbridge, Smart & Mann, 2003) found that road rage offending, both verbal-gesturing and physical-threats was mostly the practice of males.
Based on a population survey, conducted in 2002-2003, of 1,631 regular drivers in Ontario, Canada, regression analyses revealed that males significantly made up for the majority of times drivers reported experiencing road rage in the 12 months prior to the survey (Smart, Stoduto, Mann & Adlaf, 2004). Numerous and extensive studies have been conducted on the subject of road rage in which one of the measures investigated has been sex and gender, these studies have all pointed to the undeniable fact that men tend to be more aggressive than women and are often times the offender in road rage than woman.
However studies also show that victimization of road rage is fairly evenly spread between males and females (Asbridge, Smart & Mann). Males more territorial nature also seems to play a large part in road rage. It encourages the competitive, hostile, and heightened risk taking behavior in males which leads to higher probabilities of accidents. Such deviant behaviors are seen to be noticeably higher in men than in women. Males risk-proneness while driving is directly reflective of their risky behavior in everyday life. More often than not men typically, manifest higher levels of sensation-seeking and risk-taking attitudes in different settings.
This ingrained sex difference has a hormonal basis and is not brought about by simple socialization or experience. Males are to aggression as females are to nurturing. It’s an inherited quality. Differences between men end women in terms of their driving behavior and accident rates have long been studied in the United States and other countries, but mostly in the UK and Canada (Canary, Mikkelson, Switzer & Bailey, 2003). In all studies and analyses, without exception, men showed a higher rate of crashes than women. The scale of this difference between the sexes is very substantial.
Chipman (Chipman et al, 1992), for instance, shows that men have double the number of crashes (per 1,000 drivers) than women. This study will gather information from the most recent information collected by insurance Canary, D. J. , Mikkelson, A. C. , Switzer, F. and Bailey, C. , 2003-05-27 “A Communicative Approach to Road Rage: Accounts of Driving and Retaliation” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Marriott Hotel, San Diego, CA Online . 2009-05-26 from http://www. allacademic. com/meta/p111909_index. html Running head: TERRITORIAL ROAD RAGE