Explain the Difference Between Sequence and Rate of Development
The sequence of development is a process where an event is followed one after the other and achieves a level of succession with a series of changes or growth for example the normal sequence in which babies and children learn different skills rolling over, sitting up, lunging forward, crawling, pulling up, cruising, standing unaided, walking and finally running. If a child has difficulty meeting a milestone it can mean delays in moving onto the next one.
However each child is unique and we need to remember that development is holistic, children will “usually” follow the same pattern of development but the ages in which they reach them can vary depending on the individual and if there are disabilities that may affect them. Developmental milestones are given as a broad average of expectation and so some children may stand out for reaching a milestone earlier or later than their peers.
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Many skills and areas of development will overlap with each other so for something that is considered a physical skill like playing netball it cannot happen without having social and cognitive skills as well. If a young person’s growth is different and noticeable to that of their peers this has the potential to affect their behaviour, puberty can vary widely between boys and girls and even between children of the same sex by as much as 3years, having early puberty can attract unwanted attention in the form of acne, body odour or development of breasts.
Development is normally divided into different areas but it does all link and connect into one another. Physical development will affect a child’s ability to socialise, grow in confidence and become independent.
The rate of development is referring to the speed in which a child will develop, the sequence will always stay the same but the rate will change, when observing a child’s development, it is important to look at all areas but the difference between the sequence and rate is important as it can highlight areas in which the child needs extra support and will help to identify if the child has a special educational need such as dyslexia. The rate at which each child develops is individual to themselves.