History Ch.5 Lesson 4: Declaring Independence
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When did the Second Continental Congress meet?
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These five delegates included some of the greatest leaders in the colonies. They were also all the delegates at the First Continental Congress
This person is one of the most respected men in the colonies and had been a leader in the Pennsylvania legislature. In 1765 he represented the colonies in London and helped win repeal of the Stamp Act
This person was from Massachusetts and was a wealthy merchant. He funded many Patriot groups, including the Sons of Liberty. The delegates chose this person to be president of the Second Continental Congress.
This person was only 32 and was also a delegate. He served in the Virginia legislature. He was already known as a brilliant thinker and writer. (Hint: He was a U.S. president)
He was in charge of the post office system that the Continental Congress formed
What did the Congress form to handle relations with Native Americans and foreign countries?
Congress created this as defense. Unlike local militias, such a force could form and carry out an overall strategy for fighting the British
The Congress unanimously chose this person to command the Continental Army. He was an experienced soldier and a respected Southern planter. He left Philadelphia at once to take charge of the forces in Boston
Another word for “formal request”
This document was sent to the king from the colonists assuring him that the colonists wanted peace. It asked him to protect the colonists’ rights. (This petition was later denied by King George. He responded by preparing for war.)
King George III hired more than 30,000 of these German troops to fight alongside British troops
Congress learned that British troops in Canada were planning to invade this colony so they decided to strike first. A unit of Patriots marched north from Fort Ticonderoga and captured Montreal
There was an American attack on this place, led by Benedict Arnold, and it failed.
Washington felt that his troops were lacking this word when they reached Boston, a few weeks after the Battle of Bunker Hill- It means the ability to follow strict rules and procedures
What militia ringed the city of Boston, even with British control?
The name of the British general that was surprised by Washington’s troops that sneak attacked them in Boston
Where did British troops sail away to after Washington’s surprise attack in Boston?
Was there still many colonists that hoped to remain part with Britain even with the support of independence growing? Yes or No?
This person arrived in the colonies from England in 1774. He soon caught the revolutionary spirit. In January 1776, he published a pamphlet called Common Sense. In bold language, he called for a complete break with British rule
This pamphlet listed powerful reasons why Americans would be better off free from Great Britain. It greatly influenced opinions throughout the colonies.
This word means a discussion of opposing points of view
In June 1776, this Virginian offered this bold resolution:
“That these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent States . . . and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain is, and ought to be, totally dissolved.”
While delegates debated, Congress chose a committee to write a declaration of independence. The committee included these 5 people
This person was persuaded by John Adams to write the Declaration of Independence
Thomas Jefferson borrowed the ideas from this English philosopher to explain why the 13 colonies were proclaiming their freedom. In the 1690s he expressed the idea that people are born with certain natural rights to life, liberty, and property. This person wrote that people form governments to protect those rights, and that a government interfering with those rights could rightfully be overthrown.
All 12 colonies voted on Richard Henry Lee’s resolution for independence except this one colony at first. It later showed support
This person signed the Declaration of Independence first. He remarked that he wrote his name large enough for King George to read without his glasses.
Another word introduction; Also stated that people who wish to form a new country should explain their reasons for doing so in the Declaration of Independence
Which sections of the Declaration listed the rights that the colonists believed they should have and their complaints against Great Britain?
Which section proclaims the existence of the new nation in the Declaration?
Another word for “rank or place as compared to others”
Which colony remained loyal to Britain the entire time and was also an escape place for Georgia’s and South Carolina’s Loyalists?