11. Warsaw pact may 1955
The Warsaw fact was a military alliance between all of the communist east European countries, headed by the Soviet Union in 1955.
It was designed as a response to NATO. Members were to support each other if attacked.
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-The formation of NATO in 1949altered the balance of power in Europe in the West’s favour.Stalin needed his own rival alliance to ensure parity with the west.
-The addition of West Germany to NATO in 1955 along with over a million extra German soldiers accelerated the need for the USSR to create a military alliance
-The USSR responded to NATO by creating the
Warsaw Pact which was a military alliance of Eastern European countries. The countries agreed to respect each other’s independence and to defend each other in
the event of war.
-Unlike NATO, the Warsaw Pact countries were strictly dominated by the USSR.
-The creation of a communist military alliance cemented the control of the USSR over Eastern Europe.
-It also contributed to the increasing competition of the
arms race. The Warsaw Pact had poor technology and relied on conscription, therefore the USSR focused on developing nuclear weapons as a means of deterrence
When Stalin died in 1953, it appeared that the relationship between the USA and the USSR would improve. With the emergence of Khrushchev as Stalin’s successor in 1956, this belief seemed to take effect. However, Khrushchev was an old-school communist, with no wish to diminish the USSR’s status as a rival superpower to the USA. By the late 1950s, relations between the two states had deteriorated as a result of a series of crises: the Hungarian Uprising, the Arms Race and the Space Race.